DISEASES THAT ARE COMMON IN SUMMER
- Heat Stroke - The rise in body temperature as a result of prolonged exposure to high temperature can lead to heat An abnormal rise in body temperature or hyperthermia along with physical and behavioral symptoms like a headache, nausea, dizziness, muscle cramps, fever are noticeable.
- Food Poisoning - harmful bacteria and parasites are the common causes of foodborne diseases. The warm, humid weather provides a fertile environment for bacterial growth leading to food
- Dehydration - This is one of the commonest problems that occurs in summer when water intake does not compensate for water loss. During summers, we tend to lose a lot of water and salts in the form of sweat without This needs to be replenished for the normal functioning of the body.
- Chickenpox - the virus flourishes in warm weather and affects masses.
- Sunburn – overexposure to harmful ultra-violet radiation from the sun may lead to painful rashes on the skin.
- Waterborne diseases such as diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, and typhoid.
STEPS TO PREVENT DISEASES DURING SUMMER :
- Drink plenty of water and increase fluid intakes like coconut water, buttermilk, and lemon water, both at home and while traveling, to keep yourself hydrated.
- Wear loose-fitting, light-colored clothes.
- Wash your hands properly and follow general hygiene. Wash your hands before touching or cooking any food items to prevent food and water-borne infections. Wash your hands every time you visit the washroom.
- Do not eat under-cooked and street food and avoid eating outside. Try to eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Keep the stock of ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution). You can prepare them at home - a liter of boiled and cooled water, 5 tsp of salt and 6 level tsp of sugar. Keep sipping on this all day to keep hydrated.
- Avoid too much exposure to the sun especially from noon to around 3 pm, when the sun's rays are directly perpendicular.