Dengue Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

dengue fever symptoms and precautions

What is Dengue Fever?

Dengue is a viral infection

What Causes Dengue Fever?

Dengue fever caused by four similar viruses of dengue( DENV 1,2,3,4) spread by mosquito bites.

VIRUS doesn’t spread directly from person to person but spreads by mosquito bite by Aedes mosquito (Tiger Mosquitoe) which gets infected by biting dengue infected person and spreads to another person. 

What are the signs & symptoms?

High Fever, Headache, Eye pain, Joint pain, Backache, Rash, Vomiting, Painabdomen, Weakness, Bleeding gums, Nose Bleed, Blood in stool.

What are the Warning Signs?

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Bleeding from gums, nose
  • Blood in vomiting or black colored stools
  • Rapid breathing

With the above warning sign, the patient should visit the doctor as early as possible and may require hospitalization.

How it is Diagnosed?

Doctor diagnosis it by signs and symptoms, blood tests and dengue test (ELISA)

What is the Treatment?

There is no specific treatment or drug for Dengue Infection.

  • The patient should seek medical advice from the doctor
  • Rest
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Paracetamol to bring down fever and reduce joint pains
  • Severe cases of Dengue require hospitalization and IV fluids and may require a blood transfusion.

How can Dengue Fever be prevented?

The best protection is to prevent mosquito bites

  • Use screens on doors and windows
  • Use long-sleeved shirts, pants to cover the body completely
  • Use mosquito repellents and nets
  • Avoid mosquito breeding places by discarding the rainwater collected in unused tins or containers, covering the water tanks and water storage items.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Blogs

How Does Stress Can Make Your Life Vulnerable?

How does stress affects us

Stress can affect anyone. During stressful periods at the workplace, when handling your money, or when dealing with a tough situation, you may experience signs of stress. A little stress is good; some stress is potentially helpful. However, too much stress will both psychologically and physically break you down and make you ill.

119

BIRD FLU: Important Things You Should Know About

Bird Flu Symptoms and causes

Bird flu is a bacterial infection that can affect birds, people and other species. Bird flu is also known as avian flu. The majority of forms of the virus are limited to birds. Human influenza A(H5N1 bird flu) infections are transmitted via the bird-to-human, and sometimes from environment-to-human, but very rare, restricted, unsustained transmission of humans to humans. The primary path of infection to human beings is close contact with contaminated poultry or structures and objects polluted by their droplets.

437

Precautions To Take Care By Heart Patients in Winter Season

Many people  don't understand the potential dangers of being outdoors in cold weather. Cold air just doesn't affect your heart, it affects your whole body. Winter sports enthusiasts who don't take certain precautions can suffer accidental hypothermia.

347

Winter Season and Lung Infections | Prathima Hospitals

Winter season and lung infections

Doctors observe more patients suffering from cough and other respiratory symptoms during the winter season than other seasons. This is clarified in different ways. An eruption of freezing air in the face when walking outdoors reminds you of the tough season.

138