Know About Congenital Heart Disease

causes of congenital heart disease

Congenital heart diseases refer to complications in the heart structure, which is acquired by birth. These diseases lead to several complications, such as the disruptive flow of blood from the heart to the body part or vis-versa, retarding blood flow, and even blockage, leading to a heart attack.

There are several types of congenital heart diseases, such as,
  1. Aortic Valve Stenosis- Narrowing of aortic valve
  2. Coarctation of the aorta- narrowing of the main artery
  3. Septal Defects- Defect in the septum of the heart
  4. Ebstein’s anomaly- Abnormal development of tricuspid valve
Certain types of congenital heart diseases are linked with,
  • Genetic Defects
  • Family history
  • Maternal Illness
  • Exposure to drugs/Alcohol

Genetic Defect- Genes are present in chromosomes that are located inside the nucleus of a cell. A human section contains precisely 46 chromosomes. An increase or decrease in this number, which occurs mainly due to mutation or non-disjunction, may result in several abnormalities such as:

  • Turner’s Syndrome
  • Down Syndrome
  • Trisomy 18 and Trisomy 13
  • William’s Syndrome

Maternal Illness Baby of women suffering from illnesses such as diabetes are more prone to develop congenital heart disease than others because of a high level of insulin hormone in the mother’s blood, which may hinder the growth and development of the fetus. However, it is not applicable for gestational diabetes. Cardiology Hospital in Hyderabad.

Exposure to drugs/alcohol: In case women intake too much alcohol or drugs during her pregnancy, it severely affects the tissue of her baby, referred to as fetal alcohol syndrome. Often fetuses suffering from this syndrome develop congenital heart diseases such as septal abnormalities; therefore, women must avoid alcohol/drugs during pregnancy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Blogs

UTI Awareness for Expecting Mothers: Symptoms, Prevention, and Management

UTI during pregnancy

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are bacterial infections that occur in any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. During pregnancy, women are at an increased risk of developing UTIs due to hormonal changes, the growing uterus putting pressure on the bladder, and changes in urinary tract function.

63

Understanding Kidney Disease: A Comprehensive Exploration

Kidney disease

Kidney Disease: Kidney disease, a silent epidemic, silently creeps into the lives of millions worldwide, causing havoc to health and well-being. In the United States alone, its prevalence is staggering, with approximately one-third of adults facing the looming risk of developing this condition. While it often remains undetectable until it reaches an advanced stage, the consequences can be dire, necessitating invasive treatments like dialysis or transplantation. However, armed with knowledge and proactive measures, individuals can safeguard their kidney health and mitigate the impact of this insidious disease.

51

The Vital Link: Diabetes – Kidney Connection and Proactive Care

Diabetes and Kidney Health

Diabetes and Kidney Health: Being diabetic entails more than just controlling blood sugar levels; it also involves protecting vital organs such as the kidneys. Our commitment is to take a quick but informative tour of the current inquiry to learn more about the basic connection between diabetes and kidney health. We will also highlight the critical role of proactive management in averting issues and promoting general well-being.

134

5 – Essential Foods for Preventing Strokes: A Comprehensive Approach

stroke prevention foods

Stroke prevention: Preventing strokes is a critical aspect of maintaining overall health and well-being. Each year, a significant number of lives are tragically lost to strokes, making it imperative for individuals to understand the importance of timely identification and treatment. While certain factors like family history can predispose someone to strokes, there are numerous lifestyle and dietary changes that can be implemented to mitigate this risk effectively.

139