Know About Congenital Heart Disease

causes of congenital heart disease

Congenital heart diseases refer to the complication in the heart structure, which is acquired by birth. These diseases lead to several complications, such as the disruptive flow of blood from the heart to the body part or vis-versa, retarding blood flow, and even blockage, leading to a heart attack.

There are several types of congenital heart diseases, such as
  1. Aortic Valve Stenosis- Narrowing of aortic valve
  2. Coarctation of the aorta- narrowing of the main artery
  3. Septal Defects- Defect in the septum of the heart
  4. Ebstein’s anomaly- Abnormal development of tricuspid valve
Certain types of congenital heart diseases are linked with,
  • Genetic Defects
  • Family history
  • Maternal Illness
  • Exposure to drugs/Alcohol

Genetic Defect- Genes are present in chromosomes that are located inside the nucleus of a cell. A human section contains precisely 46 chromosomes. An increase or decrease in this number, which occurs mainly due to mutation or non-disjunction, may result in several abnormalities such as:

  • Turner’s Syndrome
  • Down Syndrome
  • Trisomy 18 and Trisomy 13
  • William’s Syndrome

Maternal Illness Baby of women suffering from illnesses such as diabetes are more prone to develop congenital heart disease than others because of a high level of insulin hormone in the mother’s blood, which may hinder the growth and development of the fetus. However, it is not applicable for gestational diabetes.

Exposure to drugs/alcohol: In case women intake too much alcohol or drugs during her pregnancy, it severely affects the tissue of her baby, referred to as fetal alcohol syndrome. Often fetuses suffering from this syndrome develop congenital heart diseases such as septal abnormalities; therefore, women must avoid alcohol/drugs during pregnancy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Blogs

Prathima Family Get Together – Celebrations

Prathima Hospitals Get together Celebrations held at Boulder Hills, Gachibowli on 8th January 2022.

260

On the Occasion of Children’s Day 2021, Drawing Competition @ Prathima Hospitals, Kachiguda

On the Occasion of Children's Day 2021, Drawing Competition @ Prathima Hospitals, Kachiguda

To encourage the talent and creativity of children, Prathima Hospitals hosted a "Drawing Competition" for little champs. More than 100 children participated in the competition and crafted innovative drawings.

758

Sudden Heart Attack- How to Manage it?

How to manage sudden heart attack

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a scenario wherein the coronary heart suddenly stops beating. When that takes location, blood stops flowing to the thoughts and one of a kind vital organs. If it isn't dealt with, SCA typically reasons lack of life interior minutes. But brief remedy with a defibrillator may be lifesaving.

769

Common Symptoms of Heart Disease You Must Know

common symptoms of heart disease- prathima hospitals

Cardiovascular health is closely linked to mental health, with 33% of all heart attack patients showing signs of clinical depression. Negative heart health is also associated with the onset of dementia and memory loss.

70