Stroke – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

stroke causes symptoms and treatment options

Stroke

Stroke is defined as an abrupt onset of a neurological defect due to a focal vascular cause leading to paralysis of one upper limb and one lower limb.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and a major cause of disability.

What are the symptoms of stroke

  1. Loss of motor or sensory function
  2. Change in vision
  3. change in gout
  4. difficulty to speak or understand speech
  5. sudden severe headache

Recognizing the signs of stroke can save a life. As a stroke can happen suddenly it required immediate action.

Every minute is critical until the stroke is diagnosed and treated. As millions of neurons die every minute after the stroke onset and these neurons cannot be restored.

What to do when a patient is having a stroke.

  1. Call for an ambulance
  2. help the patient to lie down
  3. keep the patient on their side with head slightly elevated to promote blood flow to the brain
  4. loosen any restrictive clothing
  5. If the patient has fallen and incurred head or neck trauma stabilize the neck with a colon in case there is a spinal cord injury.
  • Note down the time of symptoms onset. This will help the doctors determine the appropriate treatment.
  • If the patient has HTN/DM and is on medication or certain drug allergies share this information with the emergency team.
  • do not give anything to eat or drink.

what age group are at risk for stroke

  • Age > 50years
  • Men are affected than women

What are the risk factors for stroke?

  1. Hypertension
  2. Diabetes Mellitus
  3. Smoking
  4. Hyperlipidemia
  5. Alcohol
  6. Heart Disease / Heart Stroke
  7. Birth Control pills in young females
Stroke is of two types
  1. Ischemic – Blood vessel blocked by the thrombus
  2. Hemorrhagic – Blood Vessel Ruptured

What is the Golden Hour

When the patient reaches to the hospital, within 3 to 4 hours after the onset of symptoms.

The Management of Stroke will be Optimum With Maximum recovery

Hospital stay minimized and less disability

What should be done after diagnosis and treatment for stroke

  • Physiotherapy
  • To Keep good control of hypertension and diabetes by regular medications
  • Regular check-ups
  • Regular exercises within individual limits
  • Stop smoking of alcohol
  • limit stress
  • stay positive

Following a stroke patient has an increased risk of a second stroke compared to the general population.

Recovery is maximal in the first few weeks functional gains (Increases mobility) may be obtained with rehabilitation therapy after several months.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Blogs

Be Aware of these Cautious Monsoon Illnesses

be aware of these cautious monsoon illnesses

The world is still dealing with numerous variants of coronavirus, we in India have disregarded the extensively wanted season of climate process. The season in which the earth is filled with greenery everywhere, couples enjoy this season the most, kids love playing outdoors in season and the farmers are the happiest being on the planet. Any guesses? Yes, the monsoon season it is.

3

Post COVID Heart Problems in Patients

Cardiac problems in covid recovered patients

As you all know the world is combatting a deadly pandemic Coronavirus for the last one and half years and however we are still battling with variants of this virus. But someday we shall withstand this pandemic. The symptoms of this virus exhibit variations of modifications in different organs. As you all know the virus has complications on the eyes, skin, lungs as well as heart. Yes, you have heard it right, heart. Researchers say that there are cardiac problems in patients who have recovered from COVID-19. In this blog, we will highlight similar junctures.

53

COVID-19: Long Term Effects on Organs

covid 19 affecting organs

COVID-19 has different effects on varied organs in diverse ways. A stroke transpires even in adolescent patients. In the heart, it can induce acute coronary syndrome, congestive heart failure, myocarditis, and arrhythmias. Trauma to the kidney is usually secondary to systemic abnormalities. Psychological problems like Delirium and seizures are common. Anosmia and defective connotation of taste are reported. Lactate dehydrogenase may be elevated. Skin infections encompassing dryness, patchy erythematous rash have been documented.

17

Mucormycosis- Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

mucormycosis- causes, symptoms, treatment

As you all infer the planet was combatting an awful disorder and is nonetheless striving arduous to overcome. Any guesses, Yeah you are right, "The deadly Coronavirus". Little did we know that they had to negotiate with another fatal fungal infection, "Mucormycosis" commonly known as "Zygormycosis" and “Black fungus".

98